The technology of cantilever racking in warehousing
Rack systems have been a ubiquitous element in most modern warehouses. There are many different types of rack systems and the choice is often dependent on the existing forklift trucks and the load that will handled. Cantilever racking is typically used for the storage of long loads like timber, plasterboard, steel trusses and piping. It is configured in such a way that beams are anchored at one end only. The load is held by the arm that transfers it to the supporting upright beam or base. The upright beam is vertical and provides the support to the arms that support the load that is stored. The uprights are connected directly to the base that is bolted to provide both support and stability and enable the uprights to hold the load safely. The cantilever racking also has braces that connect and support the uprights to ensure that it stable and rigid.
The importance of forklifts as load handling equipment
Forklifts are the cheapest solution for load handling particularly when cantilever racking is used. When using counter balance forklifts, there must be adequate space along the aisles to allow the handling of long loads. In order to ensure booth indoor and outdoor safety, it is important to design larges and wide warehouse doors. The side loader forklift was the first type of forklift designed for handling long loads because the forklift operator can handle the load in narrow spaces to ensure that storage space is maximized. However, in spite of the advantages of side loader forklift, it was replaced by the more modern multi-directional forklift that can work in all directions. It allows the operator to maneuver long loads with increased precision and accuracy but it significantly increases handling time. Even if the side loader forklift maximizes safety in loading loads, the multi-directional forklift has become the king in long load handling.
Important factors to consider in rack systems
It would be a good idea to consider the type of forklift that will be used in handling long loads before conceptualizing the design of the rack system. It is also important to consider productivity when designing warehouse layout and not focus only in optimizing storage space. In many instances, the cost of labor is more expensive if compared to storage costs and warehouse space. There must be easy access to the products at all times particularly in instances when stock is rapidly depleted and restocking is required. When configuring the layout of the warehouse, there must always be enough space for the forklift to maneuver with entry and exit points directly to the loading bay.