Creating a dynamic environment with smart building management system can be affordable with the integration of four basic elements: structure, systems, management, service as well as the relationship between these elements. Intelligent structures usually provide these benefits through integrated intelligent control systems.
It was in the mid-70s that the theory on distributed control systems appeared. The theory was generally applied to huge scale controlling processes especially in the industrial processes. Through time, it has developed gradually with the improvement of the associate technologies with the help of communications and automation. Indeed, the great developments located in remote areas as well as modernization of electronic devices has permitted the miniaturization of constituents by a reduction of the cost involved. In a report published by the United Nations Environment Programme, it stated that buildings accounted for over 30 to 40 percent of the entire primary energy that is used globally. It also reported that the building sector in Germany is consuming about one third of the primary energy used. The building sector has proposed a potential decrease to the use of main energy primarily by reducing the heating demands, increasing the efficiency in energy supply chains as well as looking for greater use of renewable resources for fuel and material management and proper energy usage.
Energy management is defined as the ability to use energy beneficially, suitably and efficiently. Depending on the type of building and usage, high consumption devices may also differ. Take for example the central air conditioning unit and the lighting systems. They consume a considerable amount of energy inside commercial and residential structures. The energy consumption of these equipments will be greatly used if an HVAC system is in place. In order for one to economize the energy, the performance of management systems should be efficient as well as building automationare are highly to be considered. Their respective performance will play a very important role when it comes to reduction of construction costs by using different technologies beneficially like the computer and communication devices. The fact is that one major advantage of using these state of the art saving energy systems is that they can be easily installed on computer networks and can be easily controlled by the system without requiring the expensive cabling cost and other devices. This particular system is able to consider a method which is inexpensive along with economizing energy when it comes to the amount of energy consumed as well as the daylight temperature requirement.