The operation of horizontal boring equipment is quite complex since it involves five major axes. The major axis in which the tool head moves towards the work piece is known as the z axis. The tool also moves up and down in a vertical axis known as the y axis. This enables one to position the tool head in line with the work piece. The x axis varies from one machine to another depending on machine model and type of operation at hand. Some machines have a movable table that defines the x axis while other have a fixed table and a movable tool head. Therefore, the x axis may either be defined by the movable table or movable tool head.
Sophisticated types of horizontal boring equipment usually have a rotary table for better functioning. In such cases, the table will not only move along the x direction but also rotate in a B axis. This enables the operator to deal with complex designs easily while working on large pieces that need constant adjustment. Some machine designs also have a dual table system that incorporates two movable tables. The tables enable the user to have an easy time changing from one work piece to the next. The two tables can be loaded at the same time and worked on separately. Once the user is done with the first piece, they can easily move to the next piece by moving the tables through the x axis.
High precision has been made possible in the most recent models due to the use of CNC systems. Virtually all types of horizontal boring equipment use CNC systems for purposes of automation. The computer systems allow the user to input settings hence reduce on supervision during the whole process. The buyer is usually free to choose the type of control systems they desire to have in their machine.