There are physical constraints and unique operating requirements in a space and therefore need to understand what these are and choose the best warehouse racking system. There are therefore some considerations to be made before a suitable warehouse racking is selected. Consider storage density which can either be deep-lane storage, pallet flow or push back racks. This will increase the utilization of each cube within the warehouse.
Also consider if the goods are in order of First in First out (FIFO) or Last in First out (LIFO) and care should be taken not to increase labour costs due to the buried materials. Also consider forklift access to ensure that there is a safe workspace and that there is efficiency.
And also ensure damage is not done to the racks and materials. It is also wise to consider the capacity that the warehouse racking will hold. It is cheaper to use a racking system as the system can take up double and even triple at times, the amount that the warehouse can hold.
Checking for rack decking is as well vital. Though pallet variations may be a way of life, bottom board as well as fork pocket location, and also damage can greatly impact the safety of the driver and the product. Additional rack components may be needed such as the pallet supports and decking to help mitigate any problems that may be associated with inconsistent pallet type.
Another crucial thing to do is to identify the seismic zone you are in before designing and also installing any rack structure. This will ensure the acquisition of more stringent engineering requirements for most if not all man-made structures such as racks if you are located in an earthquake high-risk zone.
The warehouse environment has an impact on the type and also the cost of the selected rack. Consider the climate in the warehouse and wash down requirements, the FDA regulations and also other special product handling needs. Also the consideration on the suitable lighting scheme will increase accuracy, reduce rack damages as well as an improved work environment.